New Indonesia Capital
Set to be built on 180,000 hectares of land in East Kalimantan Province, Indonesia’s New National Capital Region (IKN) is foreseen to embody the country’s vision of a resilient, liveable and global city. The site, however, currently comprises of large amounts of forests, green cover and water networks which are significant to the island’s ecosystem. To build a new city in such a terrain requires careful consideration of the numerous bionetworks that will be affected by its construction and subsequent urban effects. Furthermore, as administrative centres are associated with ideas of the grandiose, human scale and experience are often discarded. These iconic designs frequently create disparities in the built environment that sacrifice walkability and connectivity. Given these aspects, building a capital region that strikes the balance between nature and modernization, monumental and pedestrian, is a challenging task for designers and planners.
The New National Capital Region of Indonesia will become a Global Smart City in the Forest that reflects the nation’s identity and capture its aspiration for a sustainable and prosperous future.
Summary of enCity Solutions
To minimize the impacts of development to the area’s ecosystem, enCity first identified all ecologically sensitive areas within the site (i.e. wetlands, watersheds, forests) and zoned them for conservation. The team then promoted a compact city concept by leveraging on the on-going toll road and concentrating the proposal at a strategic area in the coastal region. By reducing the urban footprint to only one-sixth of the allocated site, a healthy population density is formed to cater to planned urban infrastructure. At the same time, more room is created for nature preservation and proliferation. Moreover, the planned location of the IKN establishes optimal connectivity to the thriving cities of Samarinda and Balikpapan, which can activate a strong development corridor for the region in the long-term.
The government’s idea of a City in the Forest is exemplified by dividing the capital into five distinct self-sustaining districts connected by permeations of forests and water. These green corridors are extended into the settlements and integrated with parks and public spaces to create an equitable open space network. The satellite cities are also linked by a zero-carbon public transportation system that consists of a loop metro line that runs through each of the core areas and supported by light rail (LRT) and autonomous rail transit (ART) lines to facilitate mobility within communities without relying on private vehicles.
In the central district, the administrative core is inspired by Indonesia’s motto of “Unity in Diversity”, which is translated into several axes that radiate from the main government building to the country’s different island centres. They converge at the grand “alun-alun (public square) of democracy”, symbolizing its democratic identity as the centre of an archipelagic nation. The green axes also break down the monumental scale of the core area by serving as walkable linear parks toward the central alun-alun. Over-all, the design manifests the role of the New National Capital Region as the unification of Indonesia’s many ethnicities and subcultures, carrying out the country’s unique identity, rich biodiversity and soaring progress in the global stage.
- Strategic Planning
- Urban Design
Design Ideas Contest for the National Capital Region of Indonesia
Ministry of Public Works and Public Housing (Kementarian PUPR)
Doni Iskandar, Budi Satia , Gilang Negara
East Kalimantan, Indonesia
2.9 million people